Skip to main content

More right-solid
SHOW DETAILS
eye
Title
Date Reviewed
Review
Forty-eight college students participated in an ABAB analysis; the A condition was online study groups and the B condition was individual online quizzes. The effect of A and B on student satisfaction and achievement was determined. The Index of Learning Styles categorized students on four dimensions of learning style (active-reflective, visual-verbal, sequential-global, sensing-intuitive). Active learners expressed preference for face-to-face study groups rather than online study groups and for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Tests, Online Courses, College Students, Student Attitudes, Learning Strategies,...

To many Chinese students, learning the words such as "make" and "do" seems a piece of cake, yet learning how to use them appropriately is anther case. This paper aims to investigate Chinese learners' use of the verbs "make" and "do", two major representatives of high-frequency words from the perspective of de-lexical uses by comparing authentic learner data with native speaker data using computerized corpora, thus to shed some light on vocabulary learning...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Vocabulary Development, Native Speakers, Grammar, English (Second...

The purpose of this state report card is to provide the general public and policymakers with information they can use to assess and improve postsecondary education in each state. "Measuring Up 2006" is the fourth in a series of biennial report cards. The report card grades states in six overall performance categories: (1) Preparation: How adequately does the state prepare students for education and training beyond high school?; (2) Participation: Do state residents have sufficient...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Comparative Analysis, Performance Factors, Educational Improvement,...

Mexican descent students leave school before completions at a much higher rate than other ethnic groups. Marginalization is one contributing factor. Thirty-two Mexican descent students were interviewed with two main objectives: What marginalization factors did they experience in their secondary schools? What factors allowed them to overcome marginalization and graduate? This report focuses on the influence of family members. All participants reported that family members, usually parents, played...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Social Bias, High Risk Students, Secondary Education, Student Attitudes, College...

The Education Commission of the States (ECS) recently conducted analyses, interviews and a survey for a study designed to identify the most pressing early learning issues facing policymakers. The goal was to hear both from those who are faced with making decisions and from those who are on the ground conducting research and developing programs. To that end, this report reflects both a policy and program perspective on emerging issues for early learning. The study included: a review of all early...
Topics: ERIC Archive, State Legislation, Change Agents, State Surveys, Policy Analysis, Program...

Postmethod condition refers to the qualities of the contemporary era in English language teaching in which previously well trusted methods are put under serious scrutiny and in which a body of methods and techniques collected from all previous methods and approaches are used pragmatically with a belief that such an eclectic practice leads to success. Such practices, under the postmethod condition, are in constant influx, bringing continuous changes in both pre-service and in-service...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Language...

Nearly every successful grown-up--actresses, brain surgeons, and teachers alike--can tell a heartwarming story about the time a teacher gave them the compliment that lifted them up, giving them permission to become great. But expert Elizabeth Hartley-Brewer suggests that there is good praise, and there is bad praise. According to the author of "Talking to Tweens," praising well is a subtle art. This article presents several tips offered by Hartley-Brewer on the best and worst ways for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Positive Reinforcement, Personal Narratives, Teacher Guidance, Vocabulary, Nonverbal...

The underachievement of a large and growing scale of African American children is nothing short of national crisis, according to Haycock (2001) in her research on closing the achievement gap. Haycock indicates that by the year 2010, Black and Hispanics will compromise approximately fifty percent of the school population. This is an alarming situation and everyone should take it seriously since fifty percent of the future school population is not going to be performing as desired; it is really a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Racial Differences, Cooperative Learning, Teaching Methods, Public Schools, African...

A situated/sociocultural (SC) view of assessment "emphasizes questions about the quality of students' participation in activities of inquiry and sense-making, and considers assessment practices as integral components of the general systems of activity in which they occur" (Greeno, Collins, & Resnick, 1997, p. 36). This presentation addresses two issues. The first is understanding the SC view of assessment through the lens of an "evidence centered" design framework that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Sociocultural Patterns, Context Effect, Measurement, Evidence, Models, Learning...

The purpose of this report is to describe the main mechanisms currently in use in Scotland's colleges to ensure that the adoption of good practice actually happens. It investigates how colleges identify and promote good practice in their own institutions; how they develop strategies and processes to ensure good practice is shared, adopted and implemented effectively; how they gain awareness of and access to sector-leading and innovative practice in other institutions; and how they evaluate the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Adult Education, Educational Administration, Program Evaluation,...

This article demonstrates the use of the Diagnostic Intervention Model in everyday practice and the effects of its application in a case study of Kris and his educator using individual coaching. The implications of the case for everyday practice are discussed.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Intervention, Deaf Blind, Children, Diagnostic Tests, Teacher...

This paper reports on a study that examined the use of wireless laptops for promoting active learning in lecture halls. The study examined students' behavior in class and their perceptions of the new learning environment throughout three consecutive semesters. An online survey revealed that students have highly positive perceptions about the use of wireless laptops, but less positive perceptions about being active in class. Class observations showed that the use of wireless laptops enhances...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Active Learning, Student Behavior, Educational Environment, Teacher Student...

This paper discusses privatization as policy tool to solve educational problems in Turkey. Turkey, as a developing country, is faced with many problems in education. Large class size, low enrollment rate, girl's education, high illiteracy rate, religious education, textbooks, curriculum and multicultural education are some of the important problems. On the other hand, cultural diversity, economical problems and lack of resources, migration, central management, the rapid growth in school-age...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Private Education, Class Size, Private Schools, Multicultural Education, Textbooks,...

This study surveyed principals (N = 303) across the nation about their perceptions of school counselor roles and satisfaction with counseling services. Results from this exploratory study revealed that principals reported overall satisfaction with counseling services, although satisfaction varied across levels (elementary, middle school/junior high, high school) and service area. Suggestions are offered by principals for improving counseling services. Implications for school counselor training,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Counseling Services, Counselor Role, Counselor Training, School Counseling, School...

This report provides the latest available data and analysis of California's teaching workforce and the challenges confronting the state's educators and policy-makers. While the report finds progress toward reducing the shortage of teachers, it raises concerns about low student achievement and the implications for the state's ability to meet the proficiency requirements of No Child Left Behind. The report also highlights the need for continued vigilance in efforts to reduce teacher shortages,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Shortage, Teacher Effectiveness, Teaching Experience, Academic Achievement,...

The current study, an online survey about instructional strategies for English language learners (ELLs) with disabilities, was designed to build on the findings of the previous study about educator perceptions of instructional strategies. Although the current study did not use consensus building methods, it was similarly designed to obtain educators' perspectives about instructional strategies for reading, mathematics, and science. This survey, in contrast to the previous study, included a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Second Language Learning, Teaching Methods, Educational Environment, Student...

This report summarizes key findings from the 2003 Massachusetts State Assessment of Adult Literacy (SAAL). Administered in Massachusetts in 2003 and early 2004, the assessment measures the prose, document, and quantitative literacy of Massachusetts's adults. The Massachusetts SAAL was conducted in conjunction with the National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), a national literacy assessment sponsored by the National Center for Education Statistics of the United States Department of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Employment Level, Numeracy, Educational Attainment, Adult Literacy, Adult Education,...

Assistive devices and assistive software make it possible for the impaired to use computers with all of its processing programs and to access the Internet. Assistive software and assistive devices are described that are specifically intended for students and adults who are blind or visually impaired, students and adults who are deaf or hard of hearing, and students and adults who are motor impaired. Recommendations and conclusions are drawn.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Hearing Impairments, Computer Software, Assistive Technology, Sensory Aids,...

This is the final report and recommendations of the Steering Committee for "A Learning Alberta": a report gleaned from a series of discussions and reports to review the Advanced Education system in Alberta. In order to foster a strong system, the committee recommended the achievement of six key goals and provided a 20 year strategic plan to achieve those goals. The first key goal is that over 90% of Albertans will score in the upper tiers of international adult literacy measures and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Strategic Planning, Educational Research, Physical Sciences,...

Physical educators can infuse fitness concepts, teach exercise science, and increase activity in their lessons all at the same time. The videotaped lesson is reviewed in terms of its value in developing health- and skill-related fitness, and in relation to the national standards for physical education. (Contains 1 table.)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Physical Education, National Standards, Exercise Physiology, Videotape Recordings,...

This paper examines an important development in Chinese higher education in the late 1990s and early 2000s, namely, its radical expansion of enrollment starting from 1998. After a brief review of the related literature on educational expansion, the paper analyzes the higher education expansion in China in detail. The paper argues that a variety of factors have led to the enrollment expansion, including the expectation to stimulate domestic consumption and to ease the immediate pressure on the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Labor Market, Higher Education, Educational...

The social movements during the last 50 years of the 20th century were among the most tumultuous years for people of color. African Americans, as well as other groups, confronted obstacles on what they could be and do. African Americans experienced harsh treatments in educational institutions and had to develop unconventional ways to advocate for themselves and those in their community (Jean-Marie, James, & Bynum, 2006). The purpose of this paper is to explore the experiences of three...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Leadership, Justice, Black Colleges, Activism, African Americans, Females, Social...

Over the past two decades, the technology "revolution" has evolved to touch nearly every aspect of the people's lives. More than just a convenience, this force has become a necessity throughout business, government, and education. One of the most invasive forces of technology is the way in which it plays a role in the types of instructional constructs, or lessons, that are used in schools, especially in social studies classrooms. The difference in how technology is applied in social...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Social Behavior, Educational Technology, Social Studies, Democratic Values, Student...

New England institutions have long been in the forefront of recruiting foreign students. Recently, the numbers of foreign students studying in the United States has declined partly as a result of visa problems, widespread perceptions that the United States no longer welcomes foreign students and increasing anti-Americanism abroad. The primary barrier to increasing numbers of foreign students, however, has been, and still is, lack of financing. Foreign students are not eligible for most forms of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Recruitment, Foreign Students, Student Loan Programs, Access to Education,...

The purpose of this study was to investigate how older adults are learning on their own. Education has the power to be an agent of change, both individually and socially. Similarly, this research isolated how learning can impact the older person's life. Of particular interest was a more detailed description of this personal learning by employing a general qualitative design. Between September and November 2001 four older adults were purposefully selected and interviewed. Each interview lasted...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Qualitative Research, Older Adults, Lifelong Learning, Retirement, Leisure Time,...

This document reflects Federal Student Aid's solid progress in meeting strategic objectives since becoming a Performance-Based Organization. Specifically, the plan addresses continuing efforts to increase program integrity, improve customer service and achieve measurable results in the management and administration of the Title IV student financial assistance programs (Title IV). The initial release of Federal Student Aid's Five-Year Plan (FY 2004-2008) was a statement of strategic direction...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Strategic Planning, Objectives, Student Financial Aid, Federal Aid, Postsecondary...

The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) conducts surveys of postsecondary students to inform policymakers and the general public on a variety of issues facing higher education in the United States. An American Association of Community Colleges (AACC) researcher prepared this brief using data from NCES's Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal Study: 2000-2001 (B&B study), a nationally representative sample of students who completed their baccalaureate during the 1999-2000 academic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Graduates, Two Year College Students, Community Colleges, Graduate Surveys,...

This workbook, submitted by the Arkansas Department of Education to the U.S. Department of Education, is for State Grants under Title IX, Part C, Section 9302 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (Public Law 107-110). By January 31, 2003, States must complete and submit to the Department this Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook. The workbook divides into two parts. Part I, Summary of Required Elements for State Accountability Systems, contains a chart that presents...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Accountability, Elementary Secondary Education, Public Schools, School Districts,...

If technology can affect student learning, shouldn't it be considered in making decisions? Data-driven decision making models include data from curriculum, instruction, test scores, lunch programs, budgets, and transportation. None of the current models include anything about technology. The challenge with any type of data-driven decision making process is threefold: collecting the information, finding what set of filters (questions) need to be created, and ensuring the filtered information is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Technology, Decision Making, Computer Software, Information Technology,...

In this article, the author tries to weigh in on the possible educational outcomes of coursecasting, a technology-based method of delivering instructions to students, and what he hopes will be a growing research track for people in Ed Tech. In a nutshell, coursecasting is when professors record their lectures either on their computer or on an MP3 player, upload the audio files (and possibly slides, pictures, or even video) to a site where students then download the lecture to their own MP3...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Technology Integration,...

The primary purpose of "National CrossTalk" is to stimulate informed discussion and debate of higher education issues. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Keeping Them in College: East Carolina University's Efforts to Improve Retention and Graduation Rates (Don Campbell); (2) The "Seamless System": Florida's Flurry of Dramatic Changes in the Governance of Public Education (Jon Marcus); (3) Editorial: Our National Underperformance--Is American Higher Education...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conferences (Gatherings), Higher Education, Academic Persistence, School Holding...

Leaders in professional development have called for more learner-centered professional development opportunities for teachers. These approaches allow teachers to have some choice about the content and pedagogies on which they focus during professional development courses. This paper shares case studies of three participants from InterMath, a learner-centered professional development program for middle grades mathematics teachers. The findings indicate that participants' backgrounds in both...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Teachers, Educational Opportunities, Faculty Development, Professional...

This report aims to inform Canadians on the extent to which Canada's post-secondary education sector is contributing to Canadians' social and economic objectives, its ability to respond to a fast-changing global environment, and how Canada's approach to higher education compares with other leading developed countries. Analysis of currently available national and international data and research has led to the following findings: (1) There are anticipated labour-market shortages in key...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Postsecondary Education, Educational Objectives, Labor Force...

Addressing educational change through systems design allows disciplined inquiry into the complex and emerging social structures of this dynamic system. One such method, narrative story, provides a way to examine the historical and current-lived practice of those engaged in the educational system. As a design conversation, it encourages the participation of all levels of the organization in creating a living narrative. This paper addresses how narrative story can be used to engage students...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Change, Secondary School Students, Systems Approach, Narration, Student...

What has been called "degree recognition" has become the subject of considerable attention in Canadian higher education within the past decade. While concerns similar to those that are being voiced today have arisen occasionally in the past, the scale of this phenomenon today is unprecedented historically. In response to the increased demand for degrees that began in the late twentieth century, a great number of diverse types of institutions and organizations have sought the authority...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Public Colleges, Virtual Universities, Foreign Countries, Public...

Memory for the position of a moving target is often displaced in the direction of anticipated motion, and this has been referred to as "representational momentum". Such displacement might aid spatial localization by bridging the gap between perception and action, and might reflect a second-order isomorphism between subjective consequences of environmentally invariant physical principles and the functional architecture of mental representation that can be modulated by an observer's...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Role, Kinesthetic Perception, Memory, Visualization, Expectation, Context Effect,...

This descriptive study investigated the benefits and costs of using electronic portfolios (EPs) in preservice teacher education by examining the voices of students in six programs thought to be mature in their implementation. Benefits included opportunities to reflect, better access to and organization of professional documents, increased technology skills, and better understanding of teaching standards. The costs or disadvantages included issues of program implementation, access to and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Portfolios (Background Materials), Program Implementation, Cost Effectiveness,...

This article describes a three-part classroom guidance lesson that teaches middle school students the definition of sexual harassment, the difference between flirting and sexual harassment, and the harmful effects of sexual harassment. An action research study evaluated the effectiveness of the lessons in decreasing referrals for sexual harassment in the grade level studied. Suggestions for further research are provided.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Middle School Students, Sexual Harassment, Action Research, Guidance, Program...

The purpose of this study was to identify the major components of a secondary school counselor's job and translate these job responsibilities into an instrument that could be used by school administrators to identify high quality secondary school counselors during the employment interview. A review of literature resulted in the identification of 37 competencies deemed essential in defining a quality secondary school counselor. The competencies were then used in the development of an instrument...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Field Tests, Employment Interviews, School Counselors, Personnel Selection, Secondary...

In May 2006, the National Poverty Center (NPC) at the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy at the University of Michigan hosted a meeting--"Research on Prisoner Reentry: What Do We Know and What Do We Want to Know?"--to discuss the state of research on employment-focused prisoner reentry programs. This paper, written as background for the meeting, reviews the extent and quality of previous research and the results of key studies, describes several planned or ongoing evaluations that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Institutionalized Persons, Public Officials, Federal Government, Recidivism,...

Recent policy and program analyses conducted by our Center make it clear how few support staff are full participants at school and district tables where major school improvement decisions are made. It is not surprising, then, that student support staff are not appropriately accounted for in school improvement planning and implementation. This maintains the tendency for student supports to be fragmented and narrowly-focused and to reach only a small proportion of those in need.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Improvement, Educational Change, Program Development, Program...

Innovations, ETS's corporate magazine, provides information on educational assessment for educators, school leaders, researchers and policymakers around the world. This issue on how classroom assessments in five U.S. states and several foreign countries expand educational opportunities for all students. Articles in this issue include: (1) Keeping Learning on Track; (2) Keeping Learning on Track in Cleveland; (3) Closing the Achievement Gap: Delivering on the Promise of Opportunity; (4) TOEFL[R]...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Assessment, Periodicals, Educational Testing,...

"The Expert Mathematician" is designed to help middle school students develop the thinking processes for mathematical applications and communication. A three-year program of instruction, "The Expert Mathematician" uses a software and consumable print materials package with 196 lessons that teach the "Logo" programming language. Each lesson ranges from 40-120 minutes, or one to three class periods. "The Expert Mathematician" coursework combines integrated...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Intervention, Programming Languages, Computer Software, Programming, Mathematical...

"Student Success" is EPI's occasional e-magazine dedicated to the discussion of retaining students in higher education. This is the second of three parts in the Institutional Strategies Series. The first article in the March issue outlined the barriers to student retention, both from the extant literature and also from interviews and surveys that EPI has conducted through its workshops around the US and Canada. This edition's discussion focuses on programs and strategies that appear...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Campuses, Academic Persistence, Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, School Holding...

In this paper, the role of computers in writing process was investigated. Last 25 years of journals were searched to find related articles. Articles and books were classified under prewriting, composing, and revising and editing headings. The review results showed that computers can make writers' job easy in the writing process. In addition, literature results revealed that teachers, peers, instructional strategies, and computer software all together have some important roles to develop...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Strategies, Writing Processes, Computer Software, Writing Ability,...

This case study is part of a broader research project examining state policies and governance structures that span K-12 and postsecondary education. Georgia was the first state to have state and regional P-16 councils, and its regents' office in the University System of Georgia oversees a variety of projects that focus on connecting K-12 and postsecondary education. The Georgia field research was conducted in September 2003. Two central questions that this report seeks to answer are: (1) What...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Postsecondary Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Governance, Educational...

This document identifies priorities for ensuring a world-class education in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields for all Americans. America's competitive edge in this "flat world," its strength and versatility, all depend on an educational system capable of producing young people and productive citizens who are well prepared in science and mathematics. This report demonstrates that there is a need to make drastic changes within the Nation's science and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Secondary Education, Engineering Education, Educational Quality, Education...

The purpose of this research was to elucidate a continuum of postsecondary text difficulty and to use it to quantify gaps between the text difficulty of high school textbooks and various reading materials likely to be encountered in the most widely chosen postsecondary domains of endeavor--the university, the workplace, the military and citizenship in general. Wide-ranging samples of texts were identified to represent the typical texts found in each domain of endeavor. Using The Lexile...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Textbooks, Reading Materials, Academic Ability, Reading Ability, Citizenship...

This study documents the public costs of high school dropouts in Indiana, and examines how school choice would provide large public benefits by increasing the graduation rate in Indiana public schools. It calculates the annual cost of high school dropouts in Indiana due to lower state income tax payments, increased reliance on Medicaid, and increased incarceration costs. It then examines how competition from higher private school enrollments currently raises public school graduation rates...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Public Schools, Private Schools, Taxes, Graduation Rate, Dropout Rate, Economic...

Private higher education has surged in recent decades and now forms a major part of the world's total higher education. A fourth of total enrollment might be a reasonable guess, albeit a very rough one. Only Western Europe remains mostly marginal to the global trend. Whether new or continuing, contemporary private growth is notable, especially in developing regions. This working paper provides only an introductory, quite partial sketch of how private higher education tends to fit broader higher...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Change, Graduate Study, Private Sector, Foreign Countries, Global...

Small Learning Communities (SLCs) and Career Academies, one variety of SLC, have grown rapidly in recent years. They are among the few high school reform approaches that seem promising and popular, bringing students together into cohorts where they support each other, teachers into teams where they do the same, and students and teachers into closer relationships which seem to benefit both. Yet while SLCs seem to work "when well implemented", they are not easy to implement. They embody...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Academies, High Schools, Scheduling, School Administration, Teamwork,...

This is a common response from educators confronted with the notion of advocating for educational technology funding. But, in a time when U.S. funding for Ed Tech is in danger of being cut from the budget, ISTE believes that all of its members, and in fact, all U.S. educators, must become advocates for our common cause. "Effective advocacy from people close to the classroom makes a huge difference," says ISTE president and New Mexico's Deputy Cabinet Secretary of Education Kurt...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Technology, Educational Finance, Advocacy, Educational Media, Computer...

Relations between Ministers for Education and Faculties of Education have often been uneasy. The history of Australian teacher education readily attests to this (Hyams, 1979). This paper uses comments by Australia's then Federal Minister for Education, Dr. Brendon Nelson, on the place and utility of sociology in teacher education courses as a catalyst to examine the content of social foundations of education textbooks for the period 1970-2005. An examination of a selection of the principal...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Foundations of Education, Textbooks, Teacher Education,...

Traditionally, teachers found job openings by "word of mouth" and often were hired with a rather informal set of interview questions. The old standard "tell me about yourself" was a question that started the interview, and it probably ended with "and where do you see yourself in five years?" Research supports the assumption that many teachers "went home to teach" and that in the past as many as half to three-fourths of teacher-education candidates...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Job Search Methods, Teacher Certification, Teaching (Occupation), Resumes (Personal),...

Accountability and assessment are critical components to the success of schools today. As leaders of school districts, superintendents in Texas and across the nation are faced daily with meeting this challenge. While doing so, they must remember that their priority commitment is not to testing programs, but to helping children achieve. Consequently, understanding how to analyze and use data for education planning is critical. With this in mind, superintendents must be able to use accountability...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Standards, Program Effectiveness, Federal Legislation, Testing Programs,...

In set theory, one comes across the notion of "vacuous truth." A statement is vacuously true if it is true but does not quite say anything. The structure of a vacuously true statement is typically of the form: everything with property A also has property B, with the caveat being that there is nothing in property A. For instance one could say: all humans with gills are sharks. This statement is vacuously true because there are no humans with gills. It is natural to dismiss such...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Mathematical Concepts, Elementary...

This paper provides an overview of the Inquiry-Oriented Differential Equations (IO-DE) project and reports on the main results of a study that compared students' beliefs, skills, and understandings in IO-DE classes to more conventional approaches. The IO-DE project capitalizes on advances within mathematics and mathematics education, including the instructional design theory of Realistic Mathematics Education and the social negotiation of meaning. The main results of the comparison study found...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Program Effectiveness, Equations (Mathematics), Instructional Design, Mathematics...

Focus-group research conducted on Unified English Braille highlights the diversity of views about the desirability of the new code and its proposed changes. Many features seen by students as positive were the same features deemed undesirable by other students. In general, teachers were more amenable to the changes than were students. Nearly all participants expressed serious concern about the effect of the new code on current students and on adult braille readers. Issues were raised about the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Literacy, Focus Groups, Foreign Countries, Braille, Coding, Change, Adults,...

In the fall of 2003 a number of factors came together to create a fertile environment for developing an alternative, pre-service teacher education model. The overarching goal of the model is to diversify a rural university's credential program(s) by developing and offering alternative paths toward teacher certification within the constraints of a traditional, fifth-year program. The vision of the model was a collaborative effort conceived by two institutions: Humboldt State University's (HSU)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Education, Credentials, Staff Orientation, Distance Education, Charter...

External pressures have transformed academic life, shattering the roles and relationships that created a sense of community. Increasingly the challenges of fostering an engaged workforce in these institutions mirror the corporate world. Leaders at UNL have adapted Gallup's organizational development strategy to improve faculty engagement and inclusiveness in the academy. The adaptation of these corporate tools, and the impact of their application on academic culture and structure are analyzed...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Organizational Development, Organizational Change, Organizational Culture, Higher...

During the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program's (MPCP) 15th year, the statutory cap on voucher enrollment was met: for the first time, the voucher program enrollment surpassed 15% of Milwaukee Public School (MPS) enrollment. Hitting the cap has triggered a heated political debate. Voucher advocates argue that the cap should be lifted, that denying students accessibility to voucher schools is detrimental to their education. Critics counter that lifting the cap would increase total costs for K-12...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Vouchers, School Choice, Enrollment...

The State of Louisiana and the City of New Orleans have a daunting task before them. They must restore community access to public education. It will not be enough to repair and rebuild buildings. The educational programs and staff must also be redeveloped. However, the improvements to public school facilities is a critical first step in reestablishing public education in areas affected by Katrina. The rebuilding of schools so they support high quality education is difficult in normal district...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Public Schools, Urban Schools, Elementary Schools, Partnerships in Education, School...

Growing perceptions that students exploit information technology to evade academic assignments prompted surveys of student attitudes about unethical uses of information technology (e.g., cutting and pasting excerpts from Web sites without attribution) at two institutions. Students at a private church-affiliated college rated cheating behaviors as more offensive than their counterparts at a regional campus of a major research university. However, ordinal rankings of academically dishonest...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Attitudes, Personality Traits, Research Universities, Ethics, Cheating,...

School art therapists face numerous ethical dilemmas, from referrals to therapy, through privacy, safety and predictability in the art therapy room, to the need to balance cooperation with the educational staff and its expectations of shared information with loyalty to the patient. Breach of confidentiality also has legal implications. The ownership and exposure of treatment records and artwork likewise involve ethical considerations. System and patient needs sometimes conflict. The handling of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Confidentiality, Art Therapy, Ethics, Privacy, Safety, Records (Forms), Patients,...

While experiential education has been part of higher education for a long time, access for students with disabilities is an emerging topic, broadening the scope of work for disability service providers. Participation in career-focused experiential education, such as internships and cooperative education, is an especially important learning experience for students with disabilities as a way of preparing them for the challenges of employment after graduation. To further understanding of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Disabilities, Experiential Learning, Learning Experience,...

Human Resource Development (HRD) programs are faced with overwhelming challenges as there is a dearth of computer literate employees to meet the growing demands of the workplace. In other words, many employees are technologically and computer challenged thus impeding the instruction and learning process. Innovative organizations utilize computer technology in their initial and ongoing training programs. This computer knowledge deficit increases the cost burden of initial and on-going training....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Employees, Job Skills, Human Resources, Computer Literacy, Andragogy, Labor Force...

This third edition of the New Media Consortium's (NMC) annual "Horizon Report" describes the continuing work of the Horizon Project, a research-oriented effort that seeks to identify and describe emerging technologies likely to have a large impact on teaching, learning, or creative expression within higher education. Drawing on ongoing discussions among knowledgeable individuals in business, industry, and education, as well as published resources, current research and practice, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Technology Uses in Education, Higher Education, Influence of Technology, Relevance...

This study sought to identify the attitudes and perceptions of students in an introductory educational technology course situated within a teacher education program. Data were collected in the form of anonymous feedback throughout the semester. Findings included: students tended to enter the course with either a good deal of technology knowledge or with apprehension about using technology; students' thinking evolved from conceiving of technology in a generic classroom to a classroom in which...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Feedback (Response), Teacher Education Programs, Student Teacher Attitudes,...

The assistive technology (AT) field acknowledges that different stakeholders vary in their perspectives of service delivery outcomes. While the literature delineates consumers, caregivers and providers as stakeholders with distinct views, very little research documents these unique perspectives. This study reports on the perspectives of (a) research-based federally funded, and (b) commercial AT product developers. Developers who received federal funding in 2001 were queried on their outcomes...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Assistive Technology, Data, Manufacturing Industry, Federal Aid, Financial Support,...

In the years since student loans first became available in 1958, borrowing has become a common way for students to pay for education after high school. As student borrowing has risen over time, some have raised concerns about the debt burden facing some borrowers once they complete their post-secondary education. In an effort to learn more about how Minnesota students finance their education, the Minnesota Office of Higher Education compiled this report on undergraduate borrowing using data...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Debt (Financial), Student Loan Programs, Student Financial Aid, Educational Finance,...

This paper argues that an anthropocentric fallacy permeates thinking within both technological and ecological approaches to environmentalism. In consequence, sustainable development is an incoherent concept through the weakness of its anthropocentric ethical grounding. Using the Judaeo-Christian tradition as an example, this paper examines the degree to which religion can be an alternative means of grounding an environmental ethic outside anthropocentrism. It concludes that, though religion can...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conservation (Environment), Ethics, Religious Factors, Environmental Education,...

Despite the fact that self-injurious behaviors are gaining increased attention in the schools, little is actually known about prevalence, treatment considerations, and school counselor training issues. This article will present the results from a national survey of American School Counselor Association (ASCA) members regarding their perceptions of self-injurious behaviors. Particular attention will be paid to training issues and best practices when working with students who self-injure....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Self Destructive Behavior, Incidence, Counselor Training, School Counselors,...

This report summarises the findings of the project, The New Duty to Promote Disability Equality. Section 1 describes the individual aim of each site. Section 2 identifies the main themes arising from the project. Section 3 describes how the project findings have been disseminated. Section 4 highlights key messages for organisations working in and with the learning and skills sector. The overall aim of this project is to support organisations within the post-school sector to respond to the new...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disabilities, Equal Education, Guidelines, Agency Cooperation, Postsecondary...

The Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) collects data on a nationally representative sample of Head Start programs, classrooms, teachers, parents, and children examining the quality and effects of Head Start. Three waves of data collection have occurred: in 1997, 2000, and 2003. Information presented in this publication is primarily based on the 2003 cohort, however, 1997 and 2000 data are also presented. Unless otherwise noted, the sample for the 2003 child outcomes analyses...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Learning Activities, Disadvantaged Youth, Young Children, Rating...

Schools in the United States are seeing a tremendous increase in the cultural and ethnic diversity of the children they serve. Demographic projections have estimated that by 2020, nearly half of U.S. students will be people of color (National Association of State Boards of Education 2002). This reality, along with expanding relationships among countries around the world, increases the need for children to view themselves as members of a multicultural, global community. In this paper, the author...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alexander, Linda B.

All children born in Manitoba in 1984 were tracked for 18 years to assess their grade-12 performance on a provincial examination according to a student's socio-economic status. The proportion of youths in families receiving social assistance judged to have passed their language arts exam dropped from 80 per cent to 12 per cent, depending on whether one counts only those in the cohort who took the test on time in 2002 or all youths born in 1984 who should have taken the test in 2002. Getting...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Testing, Grade 12, Socioeconomic Status, Roos, Noralou...

Total headcount enrollment at Connecticut's colleges and universities reached 176,560 students in fall 2006, a fifth consecutive record year. The increase of 2,287 students (or 1.3%) over fall 2005 is the ninth year of enrollment growth, but the rate of increase is slowing. The average annual growth rate since 2003 was 1.0 percent, less than half the average growth for the period 1999 through 2002 of 2.4 percent. The moderation in enrollment growth is more pronounced at the public...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citations (References), Enrollment, State Colleges, Universities, Enrollment Trends,...

For a century Catholic schools have formed the basis for a strong system of acculturation into Catholic identity and values. Catholic schools provided a low-cost basic education and served as a common school for all social classes of Catholics. This system has weakened considerably in the last decades. Between 1970 and 2000 there was a net loss of 3,595 Catholic schools in the United States, a 29.9% decline. In addition, the nature of these schools seems to be changing as the percentage of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Acculturation, Elementary Schools, Catholic Schools, Catholics, Declining Enrollment,...

In this article, Lewin's (1951) social field theory is used as a framework for analyzing the potential for implementing scalable and sustainable e-learning initiatives in the academy. Powerful external economic and social forces coming to bear on academic leadership decisions are considered. The impacts of the emergence of the global learning society, knowledge economy, and information technology paradigm are explored. Five social forces--postmodernism, the interpretive turn, identity politics,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Electronic Learning, Educational Policy, Social Theories, Program Implementation,...

Institutions of higher education are embracing the role of the Internet as a medium to promote on-demand communication between faculty and students. As such, online course management systems have become an efficient and effective means of facilitating learning outside the classroom. To ensure that a course management system meets the needs and goals of an institution, it is vital that the selection and migration of content to an online courseware platform is done systematically. This article...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Database Management Systems, Selection Criteria, Computer Software Evaluation,...

"Helpful Hints" offers a quick overview of school emergency preparedness topics that are frequently the subject of inquiries. The National Incident Management System (NIMS) is a comprehensive system that improves tribal and local emergency response operations through the use of the Incident Command System (ICS) and the application of standardized emergency procedures and preparedness measures. It provides a consistent approach and a "common language" for federal, state, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Management Systems, Emergency Programs, Technical Assistance, Crisis Management,...

Background: Many early intervention teams are shifting their service delivery for children with disabilities from a child-focused model to one that focuses on strengthening the competence and confidence of the child's caregivers (parents, childcare providers, preschool teachers). The use of coaching strategies in a primary coach model of service delivery continues to evolve as a means of supporting young children who have disabilities in their natural home-community environments (where they and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Research Design, Program Evaluation, Preschool Teachers, Observation, Intervals,...

In 2006, states will add almost one billion additional education tax dollars to their budgets as politicians in more than twenty states consider moving toward a Universal Prekindergarten (UPK) system. Although a spirited debate has taken place over the advantages to children of a pre-K education, there has been little or no debate on how, rather than whether, to offer early-childhood education (ECE). Because of this lack of discussion and study, many states are implementing well-intentioned...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preschool Education, Education, Young Children, School Readiness, Public Education,...

The purpose of this study was to analyze science education searches and hiring practices for faculty positions listed in The Chronicle of Higher Education for an academic year. Chairs of searches completed a survey about successful and unsuccessful searches. Over 70% of searches were successful in hiring new science education faculty with 33% being veteran science education faculty.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Science Education, College Faculty, Teacher Selection, Science...

The term "gifted" implies a permanent superiority. However, the majority of children who score in the top few percentiles on ability and achievement tests in 1 grade do not retain their status for more than a year or 2. The tendency of those with high scores on one occasion to obtain somewhat lower scores on a later occasion is one example of regression to the mean. We first summarize some of the basic facts about regression to the mean. We then discuss major causes of regression:...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academically Gifted, Longitudinal Studies, Regression (Statistics), Error of...

The relationship of schools to diverse communities demands attention by administrators, teachers, staff members, and volunteers. How well the three constructs mesh depends on the abilities and sensitivities of all constituencies involved. Three components are essential to successful programs that involve families in an educational setting: climate, collaboration, and communication (Henderson 1987; Barrera 2002). These constructs set a strong foundation for educators to plan and facilitate any...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Parent Role, Academic Achievement, Cooperative Planning, Parent Participation, Family...

During her years at the International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE), the author has read many articles and attended many conference sessions about wonderful technology projects that have made a difference for students and teachers. With funds already tight, schools and districts need to think about advocating for increased funding in general and for their technology needs in particular. In this article, the author suggests ways schools and districts can become better advocates for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Advocacy, Staff Development, Educational Finance, Educational Improvement,...

In this ever-changing economy, young adults must remain flexible and adaptable as they transition from school to work and plan their future life courses. It is difficult for today's youth to choose training programs which will guarantee them secure, long-term employment. As the future grows less predictable, greater uncertainty and risk are involved in each career decision. This study concerns young adults enrolled in vocational education and training programs. The study sought to investigate...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Technical Institutes, Focus Groups, Young Adults, Education Work Relationship,...

A teacher's vocational vitality, or capacity to be vital, present, and deeply connected to his or her students, is not a fixed, indelible condition, but a state that ebbs and flows with the context and challenges of the teaching life. In light of this, an emerging form of professional development programming explicitly devoted to nourishing the inner life or core dimensions of teachers is increasingly important for today's educators.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Professional Development, Teacher Effectiveness, Intrator, Sam M., Kunzman, Robert

Recent economic and technological developments have led to a growing international demand for highly skilled human resources. The increased competition for human capital has determined numerous OECD countries to take special measures for attracting and retaining human capital in such fields as: information technology, biotechnology, nanotechnology, health care, etc. These measures have stimulated the emigration of highly skilled professionals, especially from less developed to more developed...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Human Capital, Foreign Countries, Employment Opportunities, Brain Drain, Human...

The psychometric properties of the Ages & Stages Questionnaires (ASQ) (Bricker & Squires, 1999) used in a French-Canadian preschool population were compared with psychometric data derived from U.S. normative studies. The ASQ was translated into French (Bonin, Robaey, Vandaele, Bastin, & Lacroix, 2000) and used in four early childhood day care centers, with children ages 4-60 months. The psychometric properties of the French version are presented at the 42-, 48-, 54-, and 60-month...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Intervals, Cross Cultural Studies, French Canadians, Screening Tests, Psychometrics,...

A study was conducted to explore the nature and effectiveness of peer feedback in EFL writing classrooms. High- and low-proficient Japanese EFL learners participated in the study where they exchanged comments with peers after receiving training in peer feedback. The two groups were compared in terms of their pre- and post-tests, original drafts and rewrites, peer comments and responses to the comments. It was found that peer feedback had overall positive effects on the compositions for both the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Feedback (Response), English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Foreign...

After conducting a thorough review of the state of inclusion of students with disabilities in Haiti, the authors present a study that investigates the attitudes of urban and rural teachers in Haiti toward inclusion. Participants were administered the Opinions Relative to Integration (ORI) of Students with Disabilities instrument. Reliability of the ORI for Haitian teachers was 0.68, as determined by the Spearman-Brown reliability coefficient. Teachers' attitudes toward integration were not...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Rural Schools, Inclusive Schools, Special Needs Students, Disabilities, Foreign...

When they arrive at college, most of today's first-year students bring with them a strong desire to complete their education, yet many are also bringing serious doubts about their ability to afford it and the adequacy of their academic preparation. These findings are among the highlights of this new report on the attitudes of American first-year students at the beginning of their college experience. Also among the highlights: almost half to two-thirds of these students would like--right from...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Attitudes, College Freshmen, Academic Aspiration, Student Needs, Academic...

This study is designed to provide an insight into current developments in content and language integrated learning in Europe. Content and language integrated learning (CLIL) has become an umbrella term covering a wide variety of approaches to cross-curricular language/content teaching currently taking place in diverse educational contexts. European CLIL incentives are driven by socio-political factors based on the European Union's vision of a multilingual Europe and the consequent need for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Teaching Methods, Multilingualism, Language Teachers, Language of...

The United States is a world leader in scientific and technological innovation. To help maintain this advantage, the federal government has spent billions of dollars on education programs in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields for many years. However, concerns have been raised about the nation's ability to maintain its global technological competitive advantage in the future. The testimony in this report is based on the October 2005 report and presents...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Federal Programs, Federal Government, Outreach Programs, Mentors, Employment...

Geographic cost differences present many complications when researchers attempt to make systematic comparisons of educational resources, and failure to address such differences can undermine the equity and adequacy goals of school finance formulas. Therefore, there is considerable interest in developing measures of the cost of education that can facilitate such comparisons and possibly may be used to adjust school finance formulas in some states. Geographic cost adjustment data for states,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Wages, Labor Market, Differences, Regional Characteristics, College Graduates, Costs,...

This paper provides Human Resource Development practitioners several methods for enhancing learning projects of new professionals preparing for certification or licensure. Implementation of these activities provides opportunities for new professionals to become more self-directed and therefore immersed in their own learning. While these activities are usually seen in the academic environment, each is readily adapted to Human Resource Development and will assist new professionals in becoming...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Professional Development, Journal Writing, Human Resources, Labor Force Development,...

Factors that influence and predict academic success of ESL students were studied to assist the Ministry with decisions related to curriculum development, resource allocation, and support provision. The comprehensive nature of this study is unique in that it presents the state of affairs of K-12 ESL education in Alberta. Best practice information is drawn from principals and teachers at various grade levels and geographic locations across the province. Views of experts and other stakeholders and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Program Effectiveness, Foreign Countries, Resource Allocation, Elementary Secondary...

Student support consists not only of direct financial support, but also of educational provisions that are free of charge or subsidized by the state and local authorities. These provisions include formal education, as schools for young people and adults as well as higher education, and non-formal education, such as study circles and folk high schools. In order to obtain the full picture of the social context, an overview of the Swedish educational system is needed. This paper therefore provides...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Social Environment, Financial Support, Lifelong Learning,...